What is the REAL meaning of Isaiah 6:1-13? (Deep Dive - Bible Study & Commentary)

What is the REAL meaning of Isaiah 6:1-13? (Deep Dive - Bible Study & Commentary)


Before delving into the specifics of the message, it's essential to understand the historical and spiritual context in which this passage was written.

Isaiah, often referred to as the "Messianic Prophet," lived in a chaotic period of Israel's history during the 8th century BCE.

At this time, the nation was divided into two kingdoms: the Northern Kingdom of Israel and the Southern Kingdom of Judah.

Both kingdoms faced political issues and moral decay.

The Northern Kingdom had already fallen to the Assyrian Empire, and Judah was in a state of moral decline, turning away from God and embracing idolatry.

It is against this backdrop of spiritual waywardness and societal injustice that Isaiah received his divine call and wrote the book bearing his name.


Therefore, this passage serves as an example of a divine encounter that transformed a man, Isaiah, and set him on a path of Prophethood.

It underscores the holiness of God, the reality of human sinfulness, and the divine call to serve.


Who wrote Isaiah 6:1-13 and when was it written?

The book of Isaiah was written by Prophet Isaiah in the 8th century BCE.


What is the context of Isaiah 6?

The context of Isaiah 6 describes Isaiah's encounter with God, and the impending judgement and eventual restoration of Israel.


Isaiah 6 opens with a powerful statement:


“In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the temple”


This opening verse provides a specific historical reference by mentioning the death of King Uzziah, which occurred around 740 BCE.

Uzziah had reigned over Judah for several decades, and his death marked a significant turning point in the nation's history.

King Uzziah had enjoyed a long period of prosperity and military success, but he also made a grave mistake.

He arrogantly entered the temple to burn incense, a role reserved for the priests. As a result, God struck him with leprosy, and he was isolated until his death.

This event not only highlighted the consequences of disobedience but also left Judah in a state of uncertainty and vulnerability.


In the wake of Uzziah's death, the nation faced political instability and a leadership vacuum.

This was a critical juncture when the people of Judah needed a prophetic voice to guide them through challenging times and call them to repentance.

Hence, God chose Isaiah for this sacred task.


The visionary experience of Isaiah in Isaiah 6 verses 1 to 2  provides a glimpse into the heavenly realm.

At a time when earthly kings faced uncertainties and limitations, Isaiah was granted an audience with the ultimate King, the Lord of hosts.

God's throne is described as "high and lifted up," signifying His supreme sovereignty over all creation.


The image of the seraphim, angelic beings with six wings, attending to the Lord reveals His holiness and majesty.

With two wings, they covered their faces, symbolizing reverence and awe in the presence of God.

With two wings, they covered their feet, acknowledging God's purity and their unworthiness.

And with two wings, they were ready to serve, exemplifying their obedient readiness.


Verse 3 says, “And one cried to another and said: 'Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of His glory!”


In response to the seraphim's worship, the posts of the door were shaken by the voice of him who cried out, and the house was filled with smoke, symbolizing the presence and glory of God.

In this holy atmosphere, Isaiah becomes acutely aware of his own sinfulness and the sin of his people.

He recognized his unworthiness to stand in the presence of the holy God. He therefore made this statement,


“Woe is me, for I am undone! Because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, The Lord of hosts.” ( Isaiah 6 verse 5)


In this pivotal moment, a seraphim purifies Isaiah's lips with burning coal from the altar.

This symbolic act represents God's forgiveness and cleansing.

It signified that Isaiah was now consecrated and prepared for the prophetic ministry to which he was about to be called.


And he touched my mouth with it, and said: “Behold, this has touched thy lips; Your iniquity is taken away, And your sin purged.” (Isaiah 6 verses 6 to 7)


In this passage, we find a powerful encounter between Prophet Isaiah and the Lord. God asks, "Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?"

Isaiah responded with utmost humility and readiness, saying, "Here am I! Send me."

This crucial moment signified Isaiah's willingness to be a messenger for God, despite the challenging task ahead.


However, the Lord also revealed a sobering message: that the people's hearts had grown callous, their ears were dull, and their eyes were closed to the truth.

God foretold a time of spiritual desolation and exile for the people of Judah, but even in the midst of this spiritual judgment God said a remnant would remain, a holy seed that would eventually bring forth renewal and restoration.


“The Lord has removed men far away, And the forsaken places are many in the midst of the land.  But yet a tenth will be in it, And will return and be for consuming, As a terebinth tree or as an oak, Whose stump remains when it is cut down. So the holy seed shall be its stump.” (Isaiah 6 verses 12 to 13)


What is the message of Isaiah 6:1-13?

The message of Isaiah 6 verses 1 to 13 focuses on seeking a divine encounter with God, obeying His call, and maintaining holiness.


The passage begins with a vision of Isaiah encountering the Lord in the temple, hence the message of divine encounter.

In our Christian walk, we are reminded of the importance of seeking divine encounters through prayer, worship, and meditation on God's Word.

Just like it was in Exodus 3, where Moses encountered God through the burning bush. Both instances emphasize the need for a personal encounter with God to strengthen our faith.


As believers, it's not enough to merely attend church every Sunday; we must cultivate a personal relationship with God that goes beyond seeking prayers from our pastors, for God is not only the Father of our pastors but also our Father, willing to communicate with us.

Therefore, we should strive to nurture a deeper, personal connection with God by daily immersing ourselves in His Word and inviting the Holy Spirit into our hearts for guidance.


Another important message of the passage is Holiness and Conviction.

Isaiah's response to God's presence was a deep sense of unworthiness, as he declared, "Woe is me, for I am undone!"

This theme of recognizing our sinfulness and need for repentance is crucial in our christian life.

As believers, we are admonished to come to a place of humility and repentance, acknowledging our need for God's forgiveness and grace.


Leviticus 19 verse 2, declares the unquestionable holiness of God, and to walk in close communion with Him as His sons and daughters, we must also pursue holiness, which involves both our spiritual and physical aspects, as God is concerned with both facets of our lives.


The third message is obedience to God’s call. In the passage, we witness Isaiah's willingness to respond to God's call: "Here am I! Send me."  

This message of divine submission resonates with the calling of the disciples in the new testament Matthew 4 verses 18 to 22.


Just as Jesus called Peter and Andrew to be fishers of men, we are encouraged to be responsive to God's call to share the Gospel and serve others.

We should never doubt the voice of God or question it based on our understanding. Let’s always remember that our ways are not His ways.

God’s ways are always mysterious and unsearchable.


Additionally, Isaiah's message was not only one of hope and redemption but also a warning of impending judgement.

This message of warning is mirrored in the story of Jonah and the city of Nineveh (Jonah 3 verses 1 to 10).

We saw how Jonah delivered a message of repentance to Nineveh, we are admonished to proclaim God's truth and call for repentance, even when it is difficult or unpopular.


The promise of restoration is another important message in the passage.

The passage predicted a period of desolation and exile for Israel, but it also holds the promise of eventual restoration.

As Christians, we should always trust in God's promise of restoration and renewal, even in times of spiritual desolation.


Therefore, as believers, we are reminded of the importance of recognizing God's holiness, acknowledging our need for His cleansing, and responding to His call with obedience and humility.

May Isaiah's experience in this chapter continue to inspire and instruct us to walk in faith while serving a holy God.


What is Holiness in the Bible?

Holiness, in the Bible, is a divine mandate reflecting God's call for His people to live in accordance with His standards of purity and righteousness.


In the Bible, physical holiness is exemplified in the old testament through the story of the Israelites during their journey through the wilderness.

God, in His wisdom, mandated cleanliness and purity within the camp to symbolize the holiness He required of His chosen people.


Leviticus 11 and 15 detail various regulations on clean and unclean animals, as well as guidelines for personal hygiene.

This served as a visible reminder that God's presence among them demanded physical purity.

This chapter outlines dietary laws, distinguishing between clean and unclean animals.

These laws were not arbitrary but reflected God's intention for His people to maintain physical holiness.

While these regulations may seem perplexing to modern readers, they convey the importance of discernment and obedience in maintaining purity.


The book of Leviticus chapter 15 also addresses issues of bodily discharges in the Israelite camp and their implications for purity.

This demonstrates that physical holiness extends to every aspect of life, including daily routines.

God's instructions served to emphasize the need for separation from impurity, highlighting the significance of holiness in both daily living and sacred practices.


Spiritual holiness, on the other hand, goes beyond outward appearances. It involves the condition of the heart and the inner transformation of a person's character.

In Psalm 24 verses 3 to 4, we find a clear statement about the requirements for approaching God, thus:


“Who may ascend into the hill of the Lord? Or who may stand in His holy place? He who has clean hands and a pure heart.”


David, the psalmist, recognized that true holiness begins with a pure heart. In Psalm 51 verse 10, he pleads with God, saying,


“Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me.”


This heartfelt prayer reveals that spiritual holiness involves an inner change where one's desires and motivations align with God's will.


Psalm 96 verse 9 also encourages us to “worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness; tremble before Him, all the earth.”


Beholding holiness inspires awe and reverence, leading us to worship the one true God.

2 Corinthians 3 verse 18 tells us that as we behold the glory of the Lord, we are transformed into His image from glory to glory.

Beholding holiness not only leads to worship but also molds us into people who reflect God's holiness in our lives.

In the new testament the concept of spiritual holiness is further revealed through the work of Jesus Christ.


Hebrews 10 verse 10 states, “By that will, we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.”


Through Christ's sacrifice, believers are set apart and made holy, not by their efforts but by God's grace.

Once we've grasped the teachings of holiness in the Bible, the following question naturally arises:

What causes someone to be unholy? Sin is the primary factor that separates individuals from God's holiness.


Romans 3 verse 23 reminds us, “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.”


Whether through disobedience, impurity, or ungodly behaviour, sin tarnishes both our physical and spiritual holiness.

In the Bible, we find numerous accounts of individuals who experienced the consequences of their sins.

Adam and Eve's disobedience in the Garden of Eden led to their expulsion from God's presence.

David was a great king and a good king as well but his affair with Bathsheba resulted in the loss of his son.

These stories reveal the gravity of sin and its impact on holiness.


However, despite our human tendency to fall into sin, the Bible also offers hope through repentance and reconciliation with God.


In 1 John 1 verse 9, we read, “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”


This demonstrates God's desire for us to return to Him and regain our holiness through repentance.

Therefore, understanding what makes one unholy helps us recognize the gravity of sin and the need for repentance and restoration.

As we journey in faith, may we continually seek holiness, both in the physical and spiritual realms, as we endeavour to live by God's divine standards.


What does it mean to Hear God?

Hearing God means listening and discerning His guidance for us through prayer, Scripture, and a receptive heart.


Hearing from God is a great experience for every believer. It's an encounter that can bring guidance, comfort, conviction, and a deeper understanding of God's will.

Throughout the Bible, we find various instances where individuals had direct communication with God, and today, we continue to seek His voice in our lives.

One of the most famous accounts of hearing from God is found in 1 Kings 19 verses 11 to 12, where Prophet Elijah encounters God on Mount Horeb:


“And behold, the Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind tore into the mountains and broke the rocks in pieces before the Lord, but the Lord was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake, but the Lord was not in the earthquake; and after the earthquake a fire, but the Lord was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice.”


This passage teaches us that hearing from God doesn't always come in dramatic or spectacular ways.

Often, God speaks in a gentle and quiet manner, requiring us to be attentive and sensitive to His leading.

Similarly, prayer and meditation are vital avenues for hearing from God. In Psalm 46 verse 10, the word of God says,


“Be still, and know that I am God;
I will be exalted among the nations,
I will be exalted in the earth!”


We are admonished to be still to hear Him. God does not speak in a loud voice.

This stillness allows us to draw nearer to Him and hear His voice more clearly.

Jesus Himself spent time in solitude and prayer to commune with the Father, setting an example for us.


“Now in the morning, having risen a long while before daylight, He went out and departed to a solitary place; and there He prayed. And Simon and those who were with Him searched for Him. When they found Him, they said to Him, “Everyone is looking for You.” (Mark 1 verses 35 to 37).


Also, we can hear God through his words in the Scriptures.

The Bible is often referred to as God's written word, and it serves as a primary means through which He communicates with us.

In 2 Timothy 3 verses 16 to 17, we are reminded that


“All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.”


When we read and meditate on God's Word, we can hear His voice as He speaks to us through the pages of Scripture.


Likewise, Proverbs 11 verse 14 tells us, “Where there is no counsel, the people fall; but in the multitude of counselors there is safety.”


Sometimes, God speaks to us through the wisdom and advice of fellow believers who are seeking His guidance.

Seeking counsel from those who are spiritually mature can help us discern God's voice in our lives.

While not always the primary means, God can use circumstances to speak to us as well. In the story of Joseph in Genesis, we see how God used a series of events, including Joseph's time in slavery and imprisonment, to fulfill His greater plan.

Through these circumstances, Joseph ultimately heard God's voice and recognized His purpose.


Most importantly, hearing from God often becomes more apparent when we're part of a Christian community.

Acts 13 verses 1 to 3 describe how the church in Antioch prayed, fasted, and laid hands on Barnabas and Saul, sending them out on their missionary journey.

It was in this communal setting that the Holy Spirit spoke, affirming their calling.


Therefore, as we seek to hear from God, we must approach Him with open hearts, ready to listen, and willing to follow His lead.

God desires to speak to His children and guide them in their walk of faith.

Just as He spoke to Elijah in a whisper, He continues to speak to us today, inviting us into a deeper relationship with Him and a clearer understanding of His will for our lives.


How do I apply Isaiah 6:1-13  to my Life?

Applying the message of Isaiah 6 verses 1 to 13 to your life involves seeking God’s guidance, trusting Him, and being ready to serve Him in holiness.


In the passage, the Prophet sees the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up. This vision reminds us of God's majesty and sovereignty.

Just as Isaiah was awe-struck, take moments each day to reflect on God's greatness.

Consider the story of Solomon dedicating the temple in 2 Chronicles chapter 6.

Solomon's prayer reflects his recognition of God's majesty and the need for His presence in daily life.


Isaiah's life as a prophet required constant guidance from God.

Hence, as a believer, you must seek God’s guidance through prayer and studying His Word daily.

The story of the wise men in Matthew 2 verses 1 to 12, who followed the star to find Jesus, illustrates the importance of seeking God's guidance in your journey.


Moreso, Isaiah's immediate response to God's holiness was a deep awareness of his unrighteousness.

Similarly, you must acknowledge your imperfections and need for God's grace.

In the passage, a seraphim touched Isaiah's lips with a live coal, symbolizing purification.

You can apply this by seeking God's cleansing through confession and repentance.

David's repentance in Psalm 51 serves as a model. Like David, you must seek God's forgiveness to experience the cleansing power of His grace.


Additionally, you should be ready to answer God's call. Reflect on the story of Moses in Exodus 3 verses 1 to 12, where God called him to lead the Israelites.

Moses' willingness to respond should inspire you to be ready when God calls you to serve.

Isaiah's mission was to share God's message with the people. Likewise, you are called to share the gospel with others.

Think of the Great Commission in Matthew 28 verses 18 to 20,


“And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen.


Jesus instructed us to make disciples of all nations. Every day should be an opportunity to share the good news with those around you.


Also, Isaiah was told in the passage that the people's hearts would be hardened, but God's plan would prevail.

This is a reminder of God's sovereignty in all circumstances. You must humbly trust in God's timing, even when it seems that your efforts bear no fruit.

Consider Abraham and Sarah waiting for the promised son in Genesis 18 verses 1 to 15. Despite their impatience, God fulfilled His promise at the appointed time.


By applying these practical lessons to your life, you can truly live out the teachings of this scripture.

Just as Isaiah was called to be a prophet and bring God's message to the world, you too are called to be a light in your everyday life, reflecting God's holiness to those around you.

May your life be a living testimony to the holiness of our gracious and loving God.


What is Isaiah 6:1-13 prayer?

Heavenly Father, thank you for this knowledge of truth. Like Isaiah, I long to see Your holiness and recognize my unworthiness.

Lord, touch my heart with a burning coal from Your altar, purifying me from all sin and selfishness, so that I may be holy, willing, and ready to respond to Your call.

Equip me with a willing heart and a bold spirit to go wherever You lead and to share Your message of love and redemption with a world in need.

May I echo Isaiah's words, "Here am I. Send me," with a heart full of devotion and obedience, trusting in Your guidance every step of the way, this I pray in Jesus' name, Amen.



The message of holiness in the passage and its application for Christians in the whole world today unveil the continuous and deliberate journey of living by God's standards.

This journey is not confined to isolated spiritual experiences but extends to our everyday lives, including both our outward actions and the condition of our hearts.

The main idea is to live in obedience to God's Word which is the vital requirement to this pursuit of holiness, as it serves as our guiding light.

Just as the psalmist declared, we must diligently heed God's commands, seeking to align our lives with His divine principles.


Additionally, living out holiness involves fleeing temptation. We are called to actively resist sin and compromise, choosing righteousness over momentary indulgence.

Also, pursuing righteousness and good deeds, as encouraged in 1 Timothy 6 verse 11, should be the hallmark of our daily lives, reflecting our dedication to being vessels of God's grace.

In essence, holiness is a divine mandate, encompassing both physical and spiritual aspects of life.

It calls us to recognize the gravity of sin, embrace repentance, and experience the hope of restoration through God's grace.

As we heed the call to be holy, we reflect the image of the Holy One and draw others closer to Him through our example.